Photoluminescent Exit Signs

Russ Porteous
CEO, Firewize
05 Feb, 2020
Read time: 2 mins

The Australian Building Codes Board (“ABCB”) is a body established by the Council of Australian Governments (“COAG”) to address issues relating to safety, health, amenity and sustainability in the design and performance of buildings through the National Construction Code (“NCC”) (the Code).

In the 2014 edition of the NCC, the ABCB introduced a new Specification E4.8 to meet the Deemed-to-Satisfy Provision (“DtS”) of Part E4 of the Code.

Specification E4.8 sets out the requirements for photoluminescent exit signs in buildings.

The purpose of this article is to explain the characteristics of photoluminescent exit signs and the application in buildings as part of a Building Solution.

Luminescence

Luminescence is the emission of light by a substance not resulting from heat; it is thus a form of cold body radiation. It can be caused by chemical reactions, electrical energy, subatomic motions, or stress on a crystal. This distinguishes luminescence from incandescence, which is light emitted by a substance as a result of heating.

Photoluminescence is characterised by the emission of light from a material after the absorption of photons (electromagnetic radiation).  Photoluminescence can be categorised as either fluorescence; or phosphorescence.

Fluorescence is the emission of light by a substance that has absorbed light or other electromagnetic radiation. It is a form of luminescence. In most cases, the emitted light has a longer wavelength, and therefore lower energy, than the absorbed radiation.
Phosphorescence is a specific type of photoluminescence related to fluorescence. Unlike fluorescence, a phosphorescent material does not immediately re-emit the radiation it absorbs.

Photoluminescent Exit Sign Installation Requirements

From the preceding definitions, we can determine that a photoluminescent exit signs are made from a type of phosphorescent material designed to emit light over a long period of time.  According to the Specification E4.8, in the event of a power failure, a photoluminescent exit sign must continue to provide a minimum of 30 mcd/m2 for a period of not less than 90 minutes.

Because these exit signs emit light after the absorption of photons. To help achieve this requirement, Specification E4.8 also sets out the requirement for a dedicated light source with a colour temperature of not less than 4000 K providing not less than 100 lux at the face of the exit sign as a source for these photons.


Application of Photoluminescent Exit Signs
 

Disclaimer

Firewize policy is one of continuous improvement, details of products, procedures or methods described within this document are subject to change without notice. All information provided here is believed to be correct at the time of publication.

Every effort has been made to ensure the accuracy of information which is provided in good faith nothing contained herein is intended to incorporate any representation or warranty, either express or implied or to form the basis of any legal relations between the parties hereto, additional to or in lieu of such as may be applicable to a contract of sale or purchase.

This guide is provided solely on the basis that users will be responsible for making their own assessment of the matters discussed herein and are advised to verify all relevant representations, statements and information. Firewize does not accept any liability for any injury, loss or damage incurred by use of or reliance on the information.